Category «C#»

C# – Encapsulation

Encapsulation is defined ‘as the process of enclosing one or more items within a physical or logical package’. Encapsulation, in object oriented programming methodology, prevents access to implementation details. Abstraction and encapsulation are related features in object oriented programming. Abstraction allows making relevant information visible and encapsulation enables a programmer to implement the desired level …

C# – Program Structure

Before we study basic building blocks of the C# programming language, let us look at a bare minimum C# program structure so that we can take it as a reference in upcoming chapters. Creating Hello World Program A C# program consists of the following parts: Namespace declaration A class Class methods Class attributes A Main …

C# – Basic Syntax

C# is an object-oriented programming language. In Object-Oriented Programming methodology, a program consists of various objects that interact with each other by means of actions. The actions that an object may take are called methods. Objects of the same kind are said to have the same type or, are said to be in the same …

C# – Arrays

An array stores a fixed-size sequential collection of elements of the same type. An array is used to store a collection of data, but it is often more useful to think of an array as a collection of variables of the same type stored at contiguous memory locations. Instead of declaring individual variables, such as …

C# – Structures

In C#, a structure is a value type data type. It helps you to make a single variable hold related data of various data types. The struct keyword is used for creating a structure. Structures are used to represent a record. Suppose you want to keep track of your books in a library. You might …

C# – Enums

An enumeration is a set of named integer constants. An enumerated type is declared using the enum keyword. C# enumerations are value data type. In other words, enumeration contains its own values and cannot inherit or cannot pass inheritance. Declaring enum Variable The general syntax for declaring an enumeration is: enum <enum_name> { enumeration list …

C# – Classes

When you define a class, you define a blueprint for a data type. This does not actually define any data, but it does define what the class name means. That is, what an object of the class consists of and what operations can be performed on that object. Objects are instances of a class. The …

C# – Strings

In C#, you can use strings as array of characters, However, more common practice is to use the string keyword to declare a string variable. The string keyword is an alias for the System.String class. Creating a String Object You can create string object using one of the following methods: By assigning a string literal …

C# – Methods

A method is a group of statements that together perform a task. Every C# program has at least one class with a method named Main. To use a method, you need to: Define the method Call the method Defining Methods in C# When you define a method, you basically declare the elements of its structure. …

C# – Nullables

C# provides a special data types, the nullable types, to which you can assign normal range of values as well as null values. For example, you can store any value from -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647 or null in a Nullable<Int32> variable. Similarly, you can assign true, false, or null in a Nullable<bool> variable. Syntax for declaring …