Bootstrap JS Modal

JS Modal (modal.js)

The Modal plugin is a dialog box/popup window that is displayed on top of the current page.

For a tutorial about Modals, read our Bootstrap Modal Tutorial.

The Modal Plugin Classes

Class Description
.modal Creates a modal
.modal-content Styles the modal properly with border, background-color, etc. Use this class to add the modal’s header, body, and footer.
.modal-header Defines the style for the header of the modal
.modal-body Defines the style for the body of the modal
.modal-footer Defines the style for the footer in the modal. Note: This area is right-aligned by default. To change this, overwrite CSS with text-align:left|center
.modal-sm Specifies a small modal
.modal-lg Specifies a large modal
.fade Adds an animation/transition effect which fades the modal in and out

Trigger the Modal Via data-* Attributes

Add data-toggle="modal" and data-target="#modalID" to any element.

Note: For <a> elements, omit data-target, and use href="#modalID" instead:


<!– Buttons –>
<button type=”button” data-toggle=”modal” data-target=”#myModal”>Open Modal</button><!– Links –>
<a data-toggle=”modal” href=”#myModal”>Open Modal</a>

<!– Other elements –>
<p data-toggle=”modal” data-target=”#myModal”>Open Modal</p>


Trigger Via JavaScript

Enable manually with:




Modal Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-backdrop=””.

Name Type Default Description
backdrop boolean or the string “static” true Specifies whether the modal should have a dark overlay:

  • true – dark overlay
  • false – no overlay (transparent)

If you specify the value “static”, it is not possible to close the modal when clicking outside of it

Using JSUsing data
keyboard boolean true Specifies whether the modal can be closed with the escape key (Esc):

  • true – the modal can be closed with Esc
  • false – the modal cannot be closed with Esc
Using JSUsing data
show boolean true Specifies whether to show the modal when initialized Using JSUsing data

Modal Methods

The following table lists all available modal methods.

Method Description
.modal(options) Activates the content as a modal. See options above for valid values
.modal(“toggle”) Toggles the modal
.modal(“show”) Opens the modal
.modal(“hide”) Hides the modal

Modal Events

The following table lists all available modal events.

Event Description Occurs when the modal is about to be shown Occurs when the modal is fully shown (after CSS transitions have completed) Occurs when the modal is about to be hidden Occurs when the modal is fully hidden (after CSS transitions have completed)



Login Modal

The following example creates a modal for login:


<div class=”container”>
<h2>Modal Login Example</h2>
<!– Trigger the modal with a button –>
<button type=”button” class=”btn btn-default btn-lg” id=”myBtn”>Login</button><!– Modal –>
<div class=”modal fade” id=”myModal” role=”dialog”>
<div class=”modal-dialog”>

<!– Modal content–>
<div class=”modal-content”>
<div class=”modal-header”>
<button type=”button” class=”close” data-dismiss=”modal”>&times;</button>
<h4 style=”color:red;”><span class=”glyphicon glyphicon-lock”></span> Login</h4>
<div class=”modal-body”>
<form role=”form”>
<div class=”form-group”>
<label for=”usrname”><span class=”glyphicon glyphicon-user”></span>Username</label>
<input type=”text” class=”form-control” id=”usrname” placeholder=”Enter email”>
<div class=”form-group”>
<label for=”psw”><span class=”glyphicon glyphicon-eye-open”></span>Password</label>
<input type=”text” class=”form-control” id=”psw” placeholder=”Enter password”>
<div class=”checkbox”>
<label><input type=”checkbox” value=”” checked>Remember me</label>
<button type=”submit” class=”btn btn-default btn-success btn-block”><spanclass=”glyphicon glyphicon-off”></span> Login</button>
<div class=”modal-footer”>
<button type=”submit” class=”btn btn-default btn-default pull-left” data-dismiss=”modal”><span class=”glyphicon glyphicon-remove”></span> Cancel</button>
<p>Not a member? <a href=”#”>Sign Up</a></p>
<p>Forgot <a href=”#”>Password?</a></p>

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